Thể bị động passive
builtthis house subject object in 1961. (active)
was builtin 1961 . (passive)
Nếu muốn chỉ ra đối tượng gây ra hành động dùng
by: This house was built
by my grandfather.
to be, như một số cấu trúc:
|Hiện tại đơn||S + V + O||S + am/is/are + V3/ED + by + O|
|Hiện tại tiếp diễn||S + am/is/are + V-ing + O||S + am/is/are + being + V3/ED + by + O|
|Hiện tại Hoàn Thành||S + has/have + V3/ED + O||S + has/have + been + V3/ED+ by + O|
|Quá khứ đơn||S + V-ed + O||S + was/were + V3/ED + by + O|
|Quá khứ Tiếp diễn||S + was/were + V-ing + O||S + was/were + being + V3/ED + by + O|
|Quá khứ Hoàn thành||S + had + V3/ED + O||S + had + been + V3/ED + by + O|
|Tương lai đơn||S + will/shall + V + O||S + will + be + V3/ED + by + O|
|Be + going to||S + am/is/are + going to + V + O||S + am/is/are + going to + be + V3/ED + by + O|
|Động từ đặc biệt||S + model verb + V + O
S + modal Verb + have +V3/ED
|S + model verb + be + V3/ED + by + O
S + modal Verb + have been +V3/ED
the policethe information
The policewere given the information.
The informationwas given to the police.
being + v3 (being done, being seen ...)
being takento the zoo when I was a child.
beở bị động: There was a fight at the party, but nobody
getkhi có sự việc xảy ra, ví dụ không thể dùng get cho câu: → Jessica is liked by everybody. Peter was a mystery man. Very little was known about him.
Write questions using the passive. Some are present and some are past.
Complete the sentences using being + the following verbs (in the correct form): give invite keep knock down stick treat
Complete the sentences using get/got + the following verbs (in the correct form): ask damage hurt pay steal sting stop use
Write these sentences in another way, beginning in the way shown.
Put the verb into the correct form, present simple or past simple, active or passive.
2 (somebody / clean) this room yesterday?
3 Water (cover) most of the earth's surface.
4 How much of the earth's surface (cover) by water?
5 The park gates (lock) at 6.30 p.m. every evening.
6 The letter (send) a week ago and it (arrive) yesterday.
7 The boat hit a rock and (sink) quickly.
Fortunately everybody (rescue).
8 Robert's parents (die) when he was very young.
He and his sister (bring up) by their grandparents.
9 I was born in London, but I (grow up) in Canada.
10 While I was on holiday, my camera (steal) from my hotel room.
11 While I was on holiday, my camera (disappear) from my hotel room.
12 Why (Sue / resign) from her job? Didn't she enjoy it?
14 The company is not independent. It (own) by a much larger company.
15 I saw an accident last night. Somebody (call) an ambulance
but nobody (injure).
16 Where (these pictures / take)? In London?
(you / take) them, or somebody else?
17 Sometimes it's quite noisy living here, but it's not a problem for me -
I (not / bother) by it.
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