Comparison - So sánh hơn (cheaper, more expensive etc)

Dạng so sánh hơn của tính từ thành lập bằng cách:

adjective + -er khi là tính từ ngắn: cheapcheaper, largelarger, fastfaster, thinthinner ...
luckyluckier, earlyearlier ... (đuôi là -y thì chuyển thành -ier)
⇒ It's cheaper.
more adjective khi là tính từ dài: more serious, more expensive, more often, more comfortable ...
Cũng áp dụng cho trạng từ có đuôi -ly: more slowly, more easily, more seriously, more quietly
⇒ It's more expensive.
Dạng so sánh hơn + than + (để chỉ ra đối tượng so sánh).
⇒ You're older than me.
⇒ You're more patient than me.
Một số từ dùng -er hay more đều được: clever narrow quiet shallow simple
⇒ Can we go somewhere quieter / more quiet?
Một số tính từ, trạng từ không theo quy tắc:
good/well → better: The garden looks better since you tidied it up.
bad/badly → worse: He did very badly in the exam - worse than expected.
far → further (farther): It's a long walk from here to the park - further than I thought.

Một số trường hợp sử dụng so sánh hơn

much, a lot, far (= a lot), a bit, a little, slightly (= a tittle) + (so sánh)
⇒ Don't go by train. It's a lot more expensive (or much more expensive)
any / no + (so sánh) : ⇒ It isn't any bigger than ours.
Cấu trúc lặp từ ngắn better and better, từ dài more and more cho biết thay đổi liên tục.
⇒ Your English is getting better and better.
⇒ These days more and more people are learning English.
the ... the ... với so sánh : nói cái này phụ thuộc hay kéo theo cái khác.
⇒ The sooner the better.
⇒ The warmer the weather, the better I feel.
⇒ The more expensive the hotel, the better the service.
older là dạng so sánh hơn của old: ⇒ David looks older than he really is.
elder để nói về người trong gia đình: ⇒ My elder sister is a TV producer.

Adjective + Adverb: So sánh hơn

Complete the sentences using a comparative form (older / more important etc.).
I was surprised we got here so quickly. I expected the trip to take (long).
You're talking very loudly. Can you speak ?
You hardly ever call me. Why don't you call me ?
You're standing too near the camera. Can you move a bit away?
You were a little depressed yesterday, but you look today.

Complete the sentences using the structure: (better and better, more and more ...)
1 It's getting to find a job. (difficult)

2 That hole in your sweater is getting . (big)

3 My bags seemed to get as I carried them (heavy)

4 As I waited for my interview, I became . (nervous)

5 As the day went on, the weather got (bad).

6 Health care is becoming (expensive).

7 Since Anna went to Canada, her English has got . (good)

8 As the conversation went on, Paul became (talkative)

Read the situations and complete the sentences. Use a comparative form (-er or more ...).
Chris and Joe both did badly in the test. Chris got 30%, but Joe only got 25%. Joe did Chris in the test. I expected my friends to arrive at about 4 o'clock. In fact they arrived at 2.30. My friends I expected. We were very busy in the office today. We're not usually so busy. We usual in the office today.

Complete the sentences using a comparative form (older / more important etc.).
My job is a bit boring sometimes. I'd like to do something (interesting). It's a shame you live so far away I wish you lived (near). I was surprised how easy it was to get a job. I thought it would be (difficult). Your work isn't very good. I'm sure you can do . Don't worry. The situation isn't so bad. It could be .

Complete the sentences using the structure in Section D (the ... the ...): the sooner the better ...
1) I like warm weather. The warmer the weather, . (good / feel) 2) It's hard to concentrate when you're tired. The more tired you are, . (hard) 3) Kate had to wait a very long time. The longer she had to wait, .(impatient / become)

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