Reported Speech - Trần thuật

Reported Speech : là thuật lại lời nói, có hai kiểu trực tiếp và gián tiếp
direct speech = trích dẫn lại chính xác đặt trong dấu nháy kép: Paul said "I'm feeling ill"
indirect speech = trích dẫn lại chính xác đặt trong dấu nháy kép: Paul said that he was feeling ill.
Sử dụng Reported Speech động từ chính của câu thường ở quá khử (Paul said that .. I told her that ... etc.) và phần còn lại cũng thường ở quá khứ
⇒ Paul said that he was feeling ill.
⇒ I told Lisa that I didn't have any money.
(có thể bỏ that)
Với Reported Speech các thì Hiện tại chuyển sang Quá khứ, thì quá khứ thì để nguyên hoặc chuyển sang quá khứ khoàn thành.
am/is                   --> was
are                     --> were
do/does                 --> did
will                    --> would
have/has                --> had
can                     --> could
want/like/know/go ...   --> wanted/ liked/ knew/ went ...
⇒ Paul said 'I woke up feeling ill, so I didn't go to work.'
⇒ Paul said (that) he woke up feeling ill, so he didn't go to work.
⇒ Paul said (that) he had woken up feeling ill, so he hadn't gone to work.
Nếu sự việc vẫn còn đúng không nhất thiết phải chuyển sang quá khứ ở Reported Speech:
Paul said 'My new job is boring.' ⇒ Paul said that his new job is boring.
Helen said 'I want to go to Canada next year.' ⇒ Helen told me that she wants to go to Canada next year.
tell/ask sombody to do something để đặt câu yêu cầu, mệnh lệnh
⇒ The doctor told me to drink plenty of water.
⇒ The doctor told me to drink plenty of water.
⇒ Jackie asked me to help her.
Say và Tell dùng tell khi có tân ngữ người nói đến.
⇒ Sonia told me that you were in hospital.
⇒ What did you tell the police?.
Dùng say với cấu trúc say somthing to somboy: Ann said goodbye to me and left.

Trần thuật

CÂU 1
The following sentences are direct speech:
- Don't wait for me if I'm late
- Mind your own business
- Don't worry, Sue.
- Hurry up!
- Can you open your bag, please?
- Could you get me a paper?
- Will you marry me?
- Do you think you could give me a hand, Tom?
- Please slow down!
Now choose one of these to complete each of the sentences below. Use reported speech.
1 Will was taking a long time to get ready, so I . 2 Sarah was driving too fast, so I asked . 3 Sue was nervous about the situation. I told . 4 I couldn't move the piano alone, so I . 5 The security guard looked at me suspiciously and . 6 Tom was going to the shop, so I . 7 The man started asking me personal questions, so I . 8 John was in love with Marianne, so he . 9 I didn't want to delay Helen, so I

CÂU 2
Complete the sentences with say or tell (in the correct form). Use only one word each time.
1 Ann goodbye to me and left.

2 us about your holiday. Did you have a nice time?

3 Don't just stand there! something!

4 I wonder where Sue is. She she would be here at 8 o'clock.

5 Dan me that he was bored with his job.

6 The doctor that I should rest for at least a week.

7 Don't anybody what I . It's a secret just between us.

8 'Did she you what happened?' 'No, she didn't anything to me.'

9 Gary couldn't help me. He me to ask Chris.

10 Gary couldn't help me. He to ask Chris.

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