Mẫu câu It is said that, He is said to, (be) supposed to, have something done

It is said that ... mệnh đề bị động (người ta cho rằng) thường đi cùng với chủ động.
S + is said to + (verb) mệnh đề bị động (người ta cho rằng) thường đi cùng với chủ động.
It is said that he is 108 years old. ~ He is said to be 108 years old
Các từ có cùng cấu trúc này như: thought believed considered reported known expected alleged understood
It is said that she runs ten miles a day. She is said to run ten miles a day.
It is expected that the strike will end soon. The strike is expected to end soon.
(Be) supposed to : It is supposed to nhiều lúc có nghĩa (it is) said to ⇒ Let's go and see that film. It's supposed to be very good.
Ở một số trường hợp nó có nghĩa việc đã sắp xếp, mong chờ xảy ra (dự định, dự tính, sắp xếp ...)
⇒ I'd better hurry. It's nearly 8 o'clock and I'm supposed to be meeting Ann at 8.15.
⇒ The train was supposed to arrive at 11.30 but it was an hour late.
⇒ You were supposed to clean the windows. Why didn't you do it?
have something done : đã sắp đặt để người khác làm một việc gì đó
⇒ Jill had the roof repaired yesterday.
⇒ We are having the house painted at the moment.
⇒ I don't like having my photograph taken.

Bị động

Put the verb into the correct form, present simple or past simple, active or passive.
1 It's a big factory. Five hundred people (employ) there.

2 (somebody / clean) this room yesterday?

3 Water (cover) most of the earth's surface.

4 How much of the earth's surface (cover) by water?

5 The park gates (lock) at 6.30 p.m. every evening.

6 The letter (send) a week ago and it (arrive) yesterday.

7 The boat hit a rock and (sink) quickly.
Fortunately everybody (rescue).

8 Robert's parents (die) when he was very young.
He and his sister (bring up) by their grandparents.

9 I was born in London, but I (grow up) in Canada.

10 While I was on holiday, my camera (steal) from my hotel room.

11 While I was on holiday, my camera (disappear) from my hotel room.

12 Why (Sue / resign) from her job? Didn't she enjoy it?

14 The company is not independent. It (own) by a much larger company.

15 I saw an accident last night. Somebody (call) an ambulance
but nobody (injure).

16 Where (these pictures / take)? In London?
(you / take) them, or somebody else?

17 Sometimes it's quite noisy living here, but it's not a problem for me -
I (not / bother) by it.

Write questions using the passive. Some are present and some are past.
1 Ask about glass, (how /make?) ? 2 Ask about television, (when / invent?) ? 3 Ask about mountains, (how /form?) ? 4 Ask about antibiotics, (when / discover?) ? 5 Ask about silver, (what / use for?) ?

Rewrite these sentences.
Instead of using somebody, they, people etc., write a passive sentence.
1 Somebody cleans the room every day. .

2 They cancelled all flights because of fog. All .

3 People don't use this road much. .

4 Somebody accused me of stealing money. I .

5 How do people learn languages? How ?.

6 People warned us not to go out alone. .

Complete the sentences using get/got + the following verbs (in the correct form):
ask damage hurt pay steal sting stop use
1 There was a fight at the party, but nobody ```got`` hurt 2 Alex by a bee while he was sitting in the garden. 3 These tennis courts don't very often. Not many people want to play. 4 I used to have a bicycle, but it a few months ago. 5 Rachel works hard but doesn't very much. 6 Last night I by the police as I was driving home. One of the lights on my car wasn't working. 7 Please pack these things very carefully. I don't want them to . 8 People often want to know what my job is. I that question a lot.

Write these sentences in another way, beginning in the way shown.
1 They didn't give me the information I needed. . 2 They asked me some difficult questions at the interview. I . 3 Amy's colleagues gave her a present when she retired. Amy . 4 Nobody told me about the meeting. I wasn't . 5 How much will they pay you for your work? How much will you . 7 Has anybody shown you what to do? Have you ?.

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